D-day soldier in the water
|Picture Taken On:
June 6, 1944 (D-Day)
'Easy Red' beach on the American Omaha beach of Normandy
|Behind the Camera:
Edward Regan or Huston “Hu” Riley lying in the surf while trying to make it to Normany's 'Easy Red' beach
Last Updated on 2012-3-18
by Dean Lucas
|Es una cosa muy seria (This is a very serious business)|
—Robert Capa during D-day
Robert Capa had made a name for himself as a war photographer that had covered the Spanish civil war and the Second Sino-Japanese War. To escape the Nazi's he moved to New York where he became a photographer for the Allies. On D-Day June 6, 1944 the Allies started their much anticipated invasion of mainland Europe. Hitting the beaches with American troops Capa, while dodging intense German fire, was able to take 106 pictures before returning to London to develop his photos. Unfortunately an incident in the London photo development labs caused all but 11 of his 106 pictures to be destroyed. This shot of a soldier in the water is considered the best and shows the true nature of the Normandy invasion. Steven Spielberg was so inspired by this shot that for the Saving Private Ryan movie he tried to duplicate the conditions shown in the photo.
Taking the photo
Life magazine published the surviving 11 pictures with a caption that explained that the, "immense excitement of [the] moment made photographer Capa move his camera and blur [his] picture." Capa always resented the implication but it probably influenced the naming of his 1947 memoir, Slightly Out of Focus. In his memoir he remembers that day:
Inside the landing craft he returned to the ships further off shore and promptly fell asleep with the undeveloped 106 pictures that he had taken with his two Contax cameras. Upon arriving back in the UK he quickly sent his four rolls of film off to London and with his pictures off and his courage restored he tried to make it back to the beaches.
Of all the photographers sent out with the Allied invasion only Capa had taken any sort of photos that showed what looked like the invasion that was being broadcast over the radio. Other photographers were either foiled by weather from taking any decent shots or landed on beaches that faced little German opposition. When Capa's images came in Life editors was desperate for any type of action shots and when the package finally arrived in London orders were to rush the development.
The pressure got to the LIFE staff and John Morris remembers that a young boy, Dennis Banks, was given the task to develop the film. As LIFE staff started ringing asking where the images were Morris remembers that the young Dennis came running up the stairs and into his office, crying. "They're ruined! Ruined! Capa's films are all ruined!" Dennis then proceeded to choke out an explanation that he had hung the film to dry but in order to speed up the process he had closed the doors to the drying room. Without ventilation the emulsion had melted most of the exposures. However on further inspection it was revealed that not all were ruined as on the end of the fourth roll 11 images were salvageable. It was these images that were the only record of fierce German resistance the Americans suffered during the Normandy invasion.
Robert Capa was born on October 22, 1913. He was born with the name Endre Ernő Friedmann in Budapest, Hungary. When he was 18 he left Hungary for Germany but when the Nazi's took power he emigrated again to Paris. It was from Paris that he went to Spain to cover the Spanish Civil War. After Franco defeated the Republic Capa returned to France until the Nazi invasion upon where he left for America. He went on to become a celebrated war photographer covering five different wars: the Spanish Civil War, the Second Sino-Japanese War, World War II across Europe (He was the only "enemy alien" photographer for the Allies), the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, and the First Indochina War. His two most famous pictures are the, Falling Soldier and this image of the 1944 Dday Normandy invasion. In 1947, Capa co-founded Magnum Photos with, among others, the French photographer Henri Cartier-Bresson. Magnum Photos was the first cooperative agency for worldwide freelance photographers. In 1947 Capa travelled to the Soviet Union with his friend, John Steinbeck. When he was leaving the country Soviet officials wanted to look through his undeveloped images. Capa refused to give them access unless Yevgeny Khaldei developed them. Capa had befriended the photographer while the two covered the Potsdam Conference and the Nuremberg Trials together. Both men were hard-drinkers and recognized as playboy lady killers.
On May 25, 1954 at 2:55 p.m. Capa was with a French regiment in Vietnam when he left his jeep to take some photos. While walking up the road he stepped on a land-mine and lost his leg. He was quickly rushed to a small field hospital but was pronounced dead on arrival due to massive trauma and loss of blood.
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Who is in the picture
The man lying in the surf was identified as Edward Regan. Regan remembers that he, "was in the second wave and landed at H-hour plus forty minutes ... there was so much chaos and mass confusion that one was reduced to a state of almost complete immobilization" Regan was in Company K of the 116th Infantry Regiment's 3rd Battalion. However the daughter of another soldier, Alphonse Joseph Arsenault, claims that the person in Capa's photo is in fact her father that is lying in the surf and historian Lowell Getz claims that his research shows that the man is Huston Riley. Riley claims that Capa actually helped him out of the water, “I was surprised to see him there. I saw the press badge and I thought, ‘What the hell is he doing here?’ ” he said. “He helped me out of the water and then he took off down the beach for some more photos.”
Copy Right Info
This image is handled by Magnum Photos an photo agency that was formed by Robert Capa in 1947, with Henri Cartier-Bresson, William Vandivert, David Seymour, and George Rodger.
This image, D-day soldier in the water, can be purchased from their website at magnumphotos.com
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